Tyne and Wear has not existed as county in its own right, since 1986, and its districts are now independent authorities. However, as the metropolitan county continues to exist, it has been included on this site to provide a geographic frame of reference for the authorities within it.
Tyne and Wear's major cities are famous for their cosmopolitan nightlife and artistic and cultural attractions, such as the Baltic Art Gallery and Sage Music venue.
'Newcastle is a spacious, extended, infinitely populous place; 'tis seated upon the River Tyne, which is here a noble, large and deep river, and ships of any reasonable burthen may come safely up to the very town. As the town lies on both sides the river, the parts are join'd by a very strong and stately stone bridge of seven very great arches, rather larger than the arches of London Bridge...'
Newcastle-upon-Tyne - distance from London: 280 miles (450 km)
A1, A69, A194
Currock Hill (258 m)
Newcastle Brown Ale - a strong beer with a nutty sweet flavour.
Gateshead, Houghton le Spring, Jarrow, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, South Shields, Sunderland, Whitley Bay, Washington
During Anglo-Saxon times the area around the Roman fort of Pons Aelius, located at Newcastle, was known as Monkchester, after a small community of monks living there. The name Newcastle was later adopted during Norman times when Robert Curthose (eldest son of William the Conqueror) built a castle on the site of the Roman fort, after returning from a raid into Scotland. He called the building his 'New Castle' and the name has stuck ever since.